Skin is the outer covering of the human body. It plays a significant role in protecting the body against pathogens and excessive loss of water. It also performs other functions such as insulation, sensation, temperature regulation, protection of vitamin B foliates and synthesis of vitamin D.
The skin has three layers:
The color of skin is created by special cells known as melanocytes that are located in the epidermis. Melanocytes produce the pigment melanin.
Skin diseases are conditions, which affect the surface of the body including skin, nails, hair and associated glands. They can involve all skin layers and have several causes such as infections, inflammation or tumors. They vary largely in symptoms and severity. They may be painless or painful and can be temporary or permanent. Some of them are minor and other can be lethal.
Symptoms that appear on your skin are not always due to a skin disorder. Such symptoms include the blisters that arise due to new shoes. However, symptoms that arise without any obvious cause may be a sign of an actual skin disorder. Skin disorders have a broad range of symptoms. Following are the common signs of skin disorders:
Common causes of skin disorders are:
Several skin disorders do not have known cause. However, many medical conditions and lifestyle factors as follows can result in skin disorders.
Inflammatory bowel disease: Bowel-related diseases usually cause skin disorders. The drugs used in the treatment of these disorders can cause some skin problems such as:
Diabetes: Many diabetic patients suffer skin problem due to their condition at a certain point because the disease elevates the risk of infection and blood circulation issues. The skin conditions that can arise due to diabetes include:
Lupus: It is a chronic inflammatory disorder, which can damage the joints, skin or organs of the body. Following are the common skin conditions that develop from lupus include:
Pregnancy: Pregnancy arises significant changes in the levels of hormones which may result in skin disorders. Most of the skin conditions that occur during pregnancy go away after the birth of a baby. Common skin conditions that develop during pregnancy include:
Stress: It can cause hormonal imbalances that trigger skin conditions. Stress-related skin conditions include:
Sun: The sun can cause the occurrence of many skin diseases. Some are minor, while others life-threatening. Sunlight exposure may aggravate the following conditions:
Doctors can detect most skin diseases through physical examination. A full skin test includes an examination of the scalp, mucous membranes, and nails. In case, a physical examination is not enough doctors may recommend certain tests to identify the skin disorder.
There are many treatments available for skin disorders depending on the symptoms, and the severity of their symptoms. Usually, ointments, creams, gels, and other treatments are applied directly to the skin. Sometimes, the doctor may also prescribe oral or injectable medications. Skin cancer may need surgery.
Common treatments for skin diseases are:
Some skin conditions are not preventable such as genetic conditions and some skin conditions due to other illnesses. However, you can prevent some skin conditions by following the below mentions ways to prevent infectious skin disorders:
Noninfectious skin disorders, such as eczema and acne, are preventable in some cases. Following measures can help to prevent some noninfectious skin diseases: